Climate Justice Week 2016
The least developed countries like Bangladesh are facing severe recurrent impacts of climate crisis. The millions of innocent people of these countries are victimized by global warming which is a consequence of excessive carbon emission by developed and industrialized countries. Due to low elevation from sea level, high population density and limited resources, Bangladesh is on the top of most vulnerable countries. The country is already facing huge loss of lives and resources due to frequent and severe cyclones, floods, storm surges, river erosion, hill slides, extreme salinity, drought and erratic rainfall. According to the scientists’ prediction, by 2050:
- Risk to death will be increased by 3 times. 140,000 people died in the cyclone of 1991 while more than 3,500 were killed by cyclone Sidr in 2007, although Bangladesh maintains one of the best disaster management systems in the world
- 17% of Bangladesh coast, which is the habitat of 40,000,000 people, is in risk of inundation. More than 400,000 people experienced 2 years long inundation after cyclone Aila in 2009.
- More than 100 kilometer upstream water of coastal zone likely to be affected by extreme salinity. Unwise water management can make it more complicated.
- 20-30 million people are in risk of forced migration from the climate hotspots. Already 600,000 people are migrating each year due to frequent sea-depression, cyclones, water logging, drought and salinity intrusion.
- Cereal food production will be decreased at a rate of 8-32%. People with hunger can be increased 3 times more due to population growth and cultivable land shrinking.
- People of southern coastal zone and northern drought-prone areas likely to face severe water scarcity. Already the women of these regions have to walk 8-10 kilometers to collect potable water. Waterborne diseases might be spread out with the water scarcity.
- Biodiversity of forest and wetlands including Sundarbans will be degraded and many of the regions maybe left uninhabitable. Already a number of areas become abandoned according to environmentalists’ opinion.
To meet the situation and to make the planet inhabitable, deep cut of carbon emission is a must, and developed countries are liable to reduce their emission due to historical responsibilities. The people from all around of the world demand 45% emission cut (as of 1990) by 2020 and 95% by 2050. In response, European Union pledged to cut only 20% by 2020 while US, China and some other big emitters are totally not interested to come under a legally binding agreement.
But deep cut of emission is not the all. People of Bangladesh have fundamental rights to get reparations for the sufferings they are facing and going to face in near future. People living in vulnerable regions are forced to adapt with rapid and erratic change of ecology. A number of bodies were formed for climate financing but the major emitters are not providing adequate financial resources according to their pledges. Moreover, they are trying to involve private finance in the Green Climate Fund (GCF) which will create aggression of corporate companies in the market of LDCs.
In this situation, World Bank is trying to take the control of GCF and other climate finances. Five MDBs formed ‘Climate Investment Fund’ to start debt-business by using climate crisis. Already a number of LDCs has received packages of grant and loan from CIF. Through this process, poor and most vulnerable people are trapped by MDBs. World Bank has grabbed the driver’s role in country level funds, like Bangladesh Climate Change Resilience Fund (BCCRF), which are formed by contribution of Annex-1 countries. For managing the funds the Bank is taking service charge which is totally unethical. The fund management process of WB is more opaque than any other funds. Bangladesh’s own fund ‘Climate Change Trust Fund (BCCTF)’ also should more transparent, effective and just to create a positive image in global platforms.
Government institutions, International NGOs and research institutions are implementing many adaptation programs in developing and least developed countries. A large number of the projects (such as coastal embankments, promoting industrial shrimp farms) are not climate proof in the long run and likely to create new hazards. So, local ecology-based adaptation should be taken as a principle for each and every development project. Population and reproductive health is a crucial sector where early investments come back with large benefits. But population and reproductive health is not included in national and international adaptation standards.
Despite of all of the issues, the global leaders are participating in UN Climate Conferences (COP) every year. Paris Agreement, modality of Long Term Cooperation, fulfilling target of carbon emission, financing and Green Climate Funds are some hot topics all over the world.
To draw the attention of global leaders to climate-hazards of Bangladeshi poor people we are organizing Climate Justice Week every year since 2010. It is an event to convey message of poor people to the leaders of the world.
The major demands of Climate Justice Week are:
- Immediate cut of emission by Developed and Advance developing countries
- Paying reparations to the most vulnerable communities directly through state and other local actors
- Transfer technology with full rights for accelerating adaptation and mitigation
- Stop debt business of Multilateral Development Banks (MDBs) and International Financial Institutes (IFIs) in climate change sector
- Ensure transparency, accountability and peoples participation in climate finance
- Take a new protocol under UN to allow climate forced migrants to safe migration with dignity to the developed countries
- Ensure Local Ecology Based Adaptation with a long term view.
How can you participate
With your simple and effortless initiative, you can be a part of this campaign:
- Very simply, gather 10 or more colleagues hold an A4 size page with writings on solidarity with
Bangladesh. Just use the Week’s logo on the page. Please send the photo to us for using in campaign.
- Organize a picketing, rally, human chain or discussion on Climate Justice. Please use the Week’s logo on
Banner and other visual materials.
- Organize a media stunt with solidarity to the sufferings of Bangladeshi people.
Partners of Climate Justice Week
In previous years, the Climate Justice Week had been observed in 24 districts of Bangladesh including Bagerhat, Barguna, Barisal, Bhola, Chittagong, Comilla, Cox’s Bazar, Dhaka, Feni, Gaibandha, Jessore, Khulna, Kishoreganj, Narail, Natore, Noakhali, Patuakhali, Pirojpur, Rangamati, Satkhira, Sunamganj and Sylhet. The week had also been observed in different countries like India, Indonesia, Mongolia, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, USA and Vietnam. The organizing partners in Bangladesh were: ASH Bangladesh, Baraigram Unnayan Society (BUS), COAST Trust, Darpan, Feni Human Development Foundation (FHDF), Global Village, Haor Area Upliftment Society (HAUS), Integrated Development and Empowerment Association (IDEA), Integrated Social Development for Empowerment (ISDE), Jago Nari, Nagorik Sanghati, Participatory Research and Action Network (PRAN), Pirojpur Gono-Unnayan Samiti (PGUS), Prantojon Trust, Progoti, SAD-Bangladesh, Shabolombi, Shahai Foundation, Shapla Phul Social Development Organization (SSDO), Sangshoptaque, Ulashi Sreejoni Sangha (USS) and Uttaran-Gaibandha.
Local Partners in 2016
In 2016, the week is going to be observed in 12 districts of Bangladesh with support from 12 partner organizations namely ASH Bangladesh (Bagerhat), Jago Nari (Barguna), Prantojon Trust (Barisal), Nagorik Sanghati (Dhaka), USS (Jessore), Surjalok Trust (Jhalakathi), Unnayan Dhara (Jhenaidah), CLEAN (Khulna), PRAN (Noakhali), PDO (Patuakhali), PGUS (Pirojpur) and Progoti (Satkhira). The programs are supported by Transparency International Bangladesh (TIB) and Committee of the Concerned Citizens (CCC)-Khulna.
Programs in 2016
The week is going to organize through different programs in Bangladesh as follows:
- 22 October 2016, Saturday: Inauguration of the Week with Press Conference in Khulna Press Club (organized by CLEAN)
- 23 October 2016, Sunday: March of Climate Forced Migrants in Pirojpur (organized by Pirojpur Gono-Unnayan Samiti – PGUS)
- 24 October 2016, Monday: Symbolic Human Chain of famous historical characters in Jessore (organized by Ulashi Sreejoni Sangha – USS)
- 25 October 2016, Tuesday: March on Craft in Barguna (organized by Jago Nari) and Hoax on Meeting of G8 in Khulna (organized by CLEAN)
- 26 October 2016, Wednesday: March with Coffin of Climate Victims in Barisal (organized by Prantojon Trust), and Climate Forced Migrants Rally in Satkhira (organized by Progoti)
- 27 October 2016, Thursday: Boat Rally in Bagerhat (organized by ASH Bangladesh), Procession of Climate Victims in Jhalakathi (organized by Surjalok) and Symbolic Judgement Show of Climate Change in Patuakhali (organized by Patuakhali Development Organization – PDO)
- 28 October 2016, Friday: Closing Press Conference and Bangladesh Peoples Declaration for Climate Justice in National Press Club, Dhaka (organized by CLEAN)
Besides, campaign programs are going to be organized in Dhaka, Jhenaidah and Noakhali in solidarity with Bangladesh Climate Justice Week 2016. The programs will be organized by Bandhan Noakhali, Gandhi Ashram Trust (GAT), Noakhali Rural Development Society (NRDS), Nagorik Sanghati, Participatory Research and Action Network (PRAN) and Unnayan Dhara Trust.