CYCLONE AILA-DISPLACED PEOPLE in the Southwest Coastal Region of Bangladesh: A Case Study of Climate-Induced Migration

Hasan Mehedi, Ziaul Hoque Mukta, Kushal Roy & Anup Kumar Nag| November 2010

Research Summary

This study is actually a preliminary work to track down the displacement of people following the flooding disaster ‘cyclone Aila-2009′ in the southwest coast of Bangladesh. Objectives were set to identify the number of people who are displaced and locations where they were displaced from including identifying the reasons of such displacement and explore the social-economic whereabouts of these people who are displaced and taken refuge in various regions of the country. The study estimated the number of displaced people is about 123,000 from 13 unions of 4 Upazilas. The destinations of the migrated people include Khulna, Satkhira, Jessore, West-Bengal (India), Dhaka and Chittagong, based on priority. These displaced people feature forced change of occupation and found to be in chaos due to lack of skills in the newly adopted jobs. Most of these people have taken day labourship and rickshaw pulling as primary occupation and inhabited the old slum areas of the cities. Some new temporary slums also have been reported. Potable water and sanitation coverage has been found a minimal or nonexistent in the reported slums. Housing and education facilities have also been found as absent. However, the study found a correlation between the displaced peoples’ education and wealth with relocated living conditions as refugees or temporary migrants. The higher the education and income level the higher the living status of the displaced people in relocated regions. Relatives in distant regions have become handy for these people. Of the displaced people, the bulk of them came from Koyra and Dacope Upazila. This displacement was triggered by loss of homestead due to prolonged water logging and lack of job opportunities followed by potable water and sanitation facilities. Almost of 90% of the displaced people were from low to very income group (i.e., BDT 5000 per month). Migration was found to have lesser extent in the wealthier groups. Is has been found that about half of the displaced people (40%) are still unemployed. Most of the forced migrants are depending on govt. facilities for drinking water (roadside tap establishments, govt. owned tube wells etc.). Education and health services in the slum areas (where the migrants are living) were found to be minimum or absent. The recent trend of migration shows that the pace of migration is slowing down but hasn’t stopped yet. To ensure basic human rights of the climate induced displaced peoples, a national policy of resettlement and capacity building is essential. Besides, a new protocol for Climate Migrants recognizing them as Universal Natural Person.

Mehedi H., Mukta Z. H., Roy K. and Nag A. K. (2010). CYCLONE AILA-DISPLACED PEOPLE in the Southwest Coastal Region of Bangladesh A Case Study of Climate-Induced Migration. Retrieved from

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/281282646_CYCLONE_AILA-DISPLACED_PEOPLE_in_the_Southwest_Coastal_Region_of_Bangladesh_A_Case_Study_of_Climate-Induced_Migration. Accessed on: 18 March 2021

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